Guest Blog Post: Mentoring Program Inspires Girls to Explore Careers in STEM

Nadine Ann Skinner is a Program Manager at Girls Inc. of Alameda County®

By Nadine Ann Skinner

In March, IWPR released a report showing that the number of women pursuing science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields at community colleges was declining, despite growing opportunities for gainful employment in these fields. Encouraging women to pursue STEM careers can start by inspiring girls and young women to explore these fields. Nadine Ann Skinner is a Program Manager at Girls Incorporated of Alameda County® (Girls Inc.) and contributed this guest post on mentoring programs for girls with her organization.

Last week I had the opportunity to take a group of teenage girls to Genentech to meet some of the women who worked there. Walking in, the normally boisterous girls were quiet, subdued by the large campus and the number of mentors waiting to speak with them. As the girls joined activities led by the mentors, I spoke with the two women engineers who had invited us. “Why did you decide to become engineers?” I asked. The two women thought for a moment, and then they both answered that their fathers were engineers and that inspired them to become engineers.

The girls in the program I work for are from Oakland and San Leandro, California. Most of the girls will be the first member of their family to go to college. They live in neighborhoods plagued by violence and attend underperforming schools. Who is there to inspire them to become engineers or scientists?

Even with the great gains women have made in employment women are still underrepresented in the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields. In elementary school, girls and boys express similar interests in math and science. But by college, fewer women pursue STEM majors and by college graduation, “men outnumber women in nearly every science and engineering field, and in some, such as physics, engineering, and computer science, the difference is dramatic, with women earning only 20 percent of bachelor’s degrees.” In STEM graduate programs and careers, women are even more underrepresented.

Underrepresentation in the STEM workforce is a particular challenge for minority ethnic groups. Underrepresented minority groups comprised 28.5 percent of the population in 2006, but only comprised 9.1 percent of college-educated Americans in science and engineering occupations. In addition, minority women only represent 11 percent of women in the entire STEM workforce. Editor’s note: IWPR’s research analysis found that a very small proportion of associate’s degrees in STEM fields are awarded to women of color, including African American women (3.3 percent); Hispanic women (2.2 percent); and Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander women (1.3 percent).

Part of the reason girls are not pursuing STEM careers is the continuing perception that girls and women are not as good at math and science. Mentoring has proven to be an effective tool to encourage girls and young women to succeed in STEM in school by combating the stereotype about girls’ ability to succeed in math and science. Mentoring and exposing girls to role models, women who prove to girls that they can be successful in STEM, can inspire girls to pursue careers in the STEM fields.

At the end of our visit to Genentech, the girls participated in a speed mentoring session, where they had a chance to interview women in a variety of STEM careers. The room was loud, filled with laughter and smiles, as the girls asked the mentors about their careers.

Eventually it was time to leave. As we walked to the van the girls were talking about the women that they met. “I want to be a toxicologist,” said one girl. “I want to be a geneticist,” said another girl. “Do you think that might let me have an internship at Genentech?” asked a third. I smiled, knowing that whatever career these girls ultimately choose, meeting these amazing role models ignited the girls’ interest in STEM careers.

Nadine Ann Skinner is a Program Manager at Girls Incorporated of Alameda County® (Girls Inc.). Girls Inc’s mission is to inspire all girls to be strong, smart and bold. For over 52 years, Girls Inc. has responded to the specific needs of girls in the most underserved communities of San Francisco’s East Bay through a continuum of academic enrichment programs and counseling services in over 48 elementary, middle and high schools in Alameda County and two service centers in Oakland and San Leandro. Programs challenge girls to explore their potential, develop life skills, ensure college and career success, and expand their sense of what is possible. With an innovative educational approach incorporating local needs into research-based curricula, Girls Inc. has established itself as one of the Bay Area’s leading providers of supplemental education, reaching nearly 7,500 girls and their families annually.

To view more of IWPR’s research, visit

2 thoughts on “Guest Blog Post: Mentoring Program Inspires Girls to Explore Careers in STEM

  1. Yaaaay to those mentoring–that’s just what it takes to dispel the myths of STEM for girls. I remember at 14, a high school senior with good grades, walking into chem class first time and so scared at strange Table of Elements on the board, I ran out and dropped the only course I ever did drop! We females are scared and just need “permission” to see ourselves as capable, after years of undermining undercurrents we’ve received! Same holds true for women considering running for office, I find!
    It’s strong self-esteem we girls and women lack–we NEED supportive mentors telling us the Truth–YOU CAN DO THIS! Thanks to the Genentech STEM mentoring program!
    I’ve also been considering getting Assertiveness Mentoring Programs started. I remember it worked for us in the 1970s, when ERA (Equal Rights Amendment for the US Constitution, to stand up against sex discrimination, male and female) was on-schedule to pass.
    It did not. ERA barely missed passing in 1982 by just 3 states’ votes! We still have all but 3 states required! And, in response to the strong legislative War On Women across the nation (hundreds of one-Party-let bills to put women and familes back in the 1800s, literally, by removing our rights), our National Equal Rights Amendment Alliance is TAKING OFF!
    “Equality under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.”/gender. Ladies, we are not mentioned in our Nation’s contract with its People, the US Constitution; not ANYWHERE. Males are, 39 times. What’s it Mean when you’re not listed in a contract like the Constitution???

    THE PRESENT WAR ON WOMEN, that’s what can and has happened.
    You are all warmly welcomed to to find out about the 7 states now filing legislation to put ERA in the US Constitution as it deserves!!! And what we DO, unlike others who just TALK about gender-equal injustices! Write me, the President of this 300 000-member organization. DO something With us to propel ERA–see at our the button, “Do It Now” for no-cost , easy ways to help yourself help us get you equal treatment. And see what you do not now enjoy at “ERA for Women”, a list of horrific status undermining. LET’S FIX THAT!
    sandy oestreich, Pres., Natl ERA Alliance
    Prof. Emerita; fmr elected official’ co-author of internationally distributed pharmacology reference texts; nurse practitioner; profiled inFeminiists Who Change America; 2012 recipient, Susan B Anthony “Failure is Impossible ” award; mom of 2 with feminist husband; windsurfer

  2. Very excited to join this onlnie book club! I agree with Erin a few chapters a week is a great way to entice a busy career Mom!! I’m a mother of a beautiful 20 month old boy, a program manager for an IT company and starting to think/plan for kiddo #2. One thing I noticed in my own company is there are very few women (perhaps 5) who are working mothers in a dual-career relationship. It’s unfortunate that we don’t have more women mentors to encourage women to climb the corporate ladder. Couple that with the fact that women’s presence in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) roles are rapidly declining, means that this book is needed now more than ever before! Looking forward to the journey!

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